Harrison Loring Collection (Coll. 226)


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Overview of the Collection

Biography of Harrison Loring

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Indexes

Detailed Description of the Collection

Overview of the Collection

Repository: G. W. Blunt White Library, Mystic Seaport
Creator: Loring, Harrison, 1822-1907.
Title: Harrison Loring Collection
Dates: 1842-1910 (bulk 1890-1910)
Extent: 2521 items
Abstract: This collection is primarily the business history of Loring's City Point Works in South Boston, from 1874 to 1894, when the yard was closed. The papers occupy 3 document boxes and are arranged by year and subject. Box 1 contains general business papers, the earlier files providing a great deal of information for the contract work on Cruiser #1 (U.S.S. MARBLEHEAD), and three sea-going tugboats. The last half of Box 1 contains family papers relative to Bay Farm, the family estate of Harrison Loring and his wife, Margaret.
Abstract: Box 2 has correspondence and related papers detailing the family's role in the CANONICUS claims against the U.S. Navy, ca. 1901-1910. There are additional CANONICUS claims material in Box 3, i.e. printed testimony, transcripts, and petitions, ca. 1902-1907. The 21 volumes, comprised of 6 journals, 3 ledgers, 2 account books, 2 letterpress copybooks, payroll records, labor accounts, and other items, are essentially the surviving records of the City Point Works, 1874-1894.
Identification: Coll. 226

Biography of Harrison Loring

Harrison Loring (1822-1907) was born in Duxbury, MA. In 1847 he built a machine/boiler shop in South Boston, and ten years later purchased some land along the water. There he established the City Point Works, one of the first shipyards in the United States devoted to the construction of iron steamships, engines, and boilers.

The merchant ships MASSACHUSETTS, SOUTH CAROLINA, MERRIMAC, MISSISSIPPI, and DE MOLAY, were all built at the City Point Works. During the Civil War, Loring constructed several vessels for the Navy, including the WINNIPEC, HURON, and the Monitors CANONICUS and NAHANT. He also built the engines and machinery for the U.S. sloop HARTFORD.

Harrison Loring also ran steamers to the West Indies, and at one time owned a Boston/Halifax steamship line. For a time he was President of the Boston Towboat Company.

In the 1890s Loring built four U.S. Lightships, three sea-going tugboats, and a cruiser for the Navy (U.S.S. MARBLEHEAD). It was at this time that he was forced by financial problems to turn the yard over to a group of three assignees - one of them being his son, Harrison Jr. - in order to complete these government contracts for the benefit of his creditors. The plant was eventually sold at auction in 1894.

In 1904, Bay Farm Co., a dairy farm and family estate at Island Creek, MA was incorporated and managed by Harrison Loring Jr. Beggining in 1902, the family, especially sons Harrison Jr., Atherton, and Robert, were involved with claims against the Navy totaling over $170,000, for money owned in the construction of the CANONICUS in 1863. By 1910, after years of testimony and legal investigation, the case had still not been resolved.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Available for use in the Manuscripts Division

Restrictions on Use

Various copying restriction apply. Guidelines are available from the Manuscripts Division. See also: Mystic Seaport's copyright notice.

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Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the catalog of the G. W. Blunt White Library. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Persons:

Loring family
Loring family--Homes and haunts
Loring, Harrison

Corporate Bodies (Including Vessels):

Bay Farm Co. (Island Creek, Mass.)
Canonicus (Monitor)
City Point Works
Marblehead (Cruiser)
United States. Navy

Places:

Duxbury (Mass.)--History
South Boston (Boston, Mass.)
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Claims
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Naval operations

Subjects:

Dairy farms--Massachusetts--Island Creek
Marine engines
Shipbuilding industry--Massachusetts--Boston
Shipyards--Massachusetts--Boston
Tugboats

Document Types:

Account books
Ledgers
Letterpress copies
Payrolls
Petitions

Occupations:

Industrialists--Massachusetts--Boston

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Coll. 226, Manuscripts Collection, G. W. Blunt White Library, Mystic Seaport Museum, Inc.

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Indexes

Index to Personal Names

NOTE: The fraction(s) indicate the Box and Folder numbers where that particular reference can be found. For example, the researcher will find information about Aquilla Adams in Box 2, Folder 1 of the collection.
Adams, Aquilla 2/1
Adams, Charles 1/14
Adams, J. Edwin 1/14
Adams, Melvin O. 1/4
Alden, James B. 1/5
Allen, Charles H. 1/3, 1/4, 1/5
Allen, Horatio 2/3
Armistead, S.W. 1/2, 1/4, 1/5
Bessilievre, Sydney 2/7
Blair, John S. 2/1, 2/2, 2/3, 2/4, 2/5, 2/7, 2/8
Boyd, William H. 2/4
Bradford, Anna R. 1/14
Bradford, Samuel 1/14
Brown, Charles H. 1/14
Brown, Eunice B. 1/14
Brown, Wendell 1/9
Camp, B.H. 1/5
Chandler, Annie 1/10
Chandler, David 1/9
Cheswell, W.T. 2/4
Cox, Alfred E. 2/2, 2/3, 2/7, 2/8
Curtis, Bracey 2/7
Curtis, Paul 2/1, 2/3, 2/4
Gage, R.W. 1/5
Gallagher, Charles T. 1/3
Gardner, Charles W. 1/4
Gardner, R.B. 1/4, 1/16
Gherardi, Bancroft 1/7
Grosvenor, C.H. 2/1
Haas, Charles W. 2/5, 2/8
Hackett, ? 2/8
Halpin, William S. 1/8
Harden, Charles W. 1/7
Heald, John C. 2/7, 2/8
Hennessey, James 1/5
Herbert, H.A. 1/6
Hichborn, Philip 1/6, 1/7, 2/7
Hillman, ? 2/3
Hoar, George Frisbie 2/1, 2/2
Holmes, Gideon 1/9
Jennings, ? 1/9
Jordan, Harry 1/9
Kiernan, James P. 1/5
King, George A. 1/9, 1/11
Lewis, Alfred G. 1/11
Littlefield, Charles E. 2/7, 2/8
Lodge, Henry Cabot 2/1, 2/7
Loring, Anna 1/9
Loring, Charles C. 1/11
Loring, Clara 1/9
Loring, Esther W. 1/14
Loring, Lucinda 1/14
Loring, Margaret G. 1/11, 2/6, 2/7
Loring, Mary T. 1/14
Loring, Nathaniel W. 1/14
Loring, Perez 1/14
Lothrop, Lydia G. 1/10
Lovejoy, J.R. 1/5
Lovering, W.C. 2/1
Macomb, David B. 2/4
Mahon, Thadeus M. 2/1, 2/2
Marsh, George J. (Jr.) 1/5
McKay, Jennie Pope 2/2
McKay, Mabel Grace 2/7
McKay, Nathaniel 1/4, 2/1, 2/2, 2/3
Newton, Clarence L. 1/12, 2/7
Packard, M.M. 1/6
Peelle, 2/5
Pierce, Charles E. 2/4
Pradt, L.A. 2/3, 2/4
Quintard, George W. 1/3, 1/4, 1/5, 1/6, 1/7
Quinter, William K. 2/5
Randolph, John 2/6
Roberts, Ernest M. 2/2
Rock, George H. 1/7
Roelker, C.R. 2/3, 2/4, 2/6
Rossborough, Frances C. 1/9, 2/2
Rowland, Thomas F 2/2, 2/3, 2/4
Sampson, George T. 2/1
Sampson, Rufus 1/14
Selfridge, Thomas O. 2/1
Sherman, James S. 2/1
Soule, Sidney O. 1/11, 1/12
Souther, John 1/4, 1/7, 1/8
Stearns, George H. 1/12
Tatem, Samuel E. 1/4
Thompson, ? 2/4
Thompson, John Q. 2/6
Tobey, Horace P. 1/8
Trenholm, William L. 1/5
Tufts, George M. 1/5
Van Orsdel, ? 2/5
Warren, F.E. 2/1
Whipple, Sherman L. 1/4
Wiggin, Joseph 2/8
Winant, William E. 1/2
Wirt, Emily Loring 1/9
Wirt, Herbert C. 1/5, 1/7, 1/10, 1/16
Woodward, Henry F. 2/2, 2/3, 2/4, 2/5, 2/7
Worthington, ? 2/3

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Index to Corporate Names

NOTE: The fraction(s) indicate the Box and Folder numbers where that particular reference can be found. For example, the researcher will find information about A. & P. Roberts & Co. in Box 1, Folder 1 of the collection.
A. & P. Roberts & Co. 1/1
Allaire Works 2/1
Allen & Quintard 1/5
American Car & Wheel Co. 1/4
American Surety Co. 1/5, 1/8
Atlantic Works 2/1, 2/3
Boston & Philadelphia Steamship Line 1/2
Boston Loan Co. 1/4
Boston, Halifax & Prince Edward Island Steamship Co. 1/5, 1/16
Brandenburgh Wagon Works 1/9
Carnegie, Phipps & Co. 1/2, 1/4
Central National Bank 1/5
Columbian Ironworks & Dry Dock Co. 1/2, 1/5
Continental Iron Works 2/2, 2/3
Crump & Son 1/4
Fales & Winters 2/3
Fidelity & Deposit Co. 1/7
General Electric Co. 1/7
George D. Otis & Co. 1/4
George G. McLaughlin Co. 1/9
George McQuesten Co. 1/12, 1/13, 2/8
Hotchkiss Ordnance Co., Ltd. 1/2
J. Elwood Lee Co. 1/11
James Roberts & Co. 1/5
James Stewart & Co. 1/7
Larrabee & Allen 2/1
Lidgerwood Mfg. Co. 1/10
Linden Steel Co. 1/2, 1/4
Littlefield & Littlefield 2/5
Midvale Steel Co. 1/2
N.F. Palmer, Jr. & Co. 1/4, 1/7
Nashua Iron & Steel Co. 1/4
New Jersey Foundry & Machine Co. 1/10
Old Colony Trust 1/4
Palmer & Co. 1/4
Pencyd Iron Works 1/2
Phoenix Iron Co. 1/2
Quintard Iron Works 1/6, 1/7
Russell & Russell 2/2
Snowdon & Mason 2/1
Southern Electric Co. 1/6, 1/7
Standard Steel Casting Co. 1/2
Thompson-Houston Electric Co. 1/4, 1/5, 1/16
Welch & Hall 1/11
Williamson Bros. 1/4
Worthington, Heald & Frailey 2/7, 2/8

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Index to Vessel Names

NOTE: The fraction(s) indicate the Box and Folder numbers where that particular reference can be found. For example, the researcher will find information about the vessel CATSKILL in Box 2, Folder 4 of the collection.
CATSKILL 2/4
CHICOPEE 2/1
DEMOLAY (Steamer) 2/2
DETROIT 1/16
INDIANA (Steamship) 1/4
IOSCO (Steamer) 1/4, 2/1
IWANA (Tug) 1/5
KATSKILL (Monitor) 2/3
MANAYUNK 2/1
MARBLEHEAD (Cruiser) 1/4, 1/5, 1/6, 1/7, 1/15, 1/16
MASSASOIT (Steamer) 1/4, 2/1
MATTABESETT 2/1
MONTAUK 2/4
MUSCOOTA (Monitor) 2/3, 2/5
NARKEETA (Tug) 1/5
OSCEOLA 2/1
PASSAIC (Monitor) 2/3, 2/4
SASSACUS 2/1
SUNCOOK (Steamer) 1/4
WAHNETA (Tug) 1/5
WINNIPEC (Monitor) 2/1, 2/2, 2/3, 2/5, 2/7

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Detailed Description of the Collection

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

General Business and family papers; 1889-1910
Box Folder
1 1 Agreement/contract for construction of boilers, engines, and auxiliary machinery, by N. F. Palmer Jr & Co., cruiser # 1 (U.S.S. MARBLEHEAD); 1889 Nov 16
2 Copies of outgoing letters, Harrison Loring to U. S. Navy re. construction of U.S.S. MARBLEHEAD; 1890
3 Documents regarding the sale of Loring Shipyard property; 1891
4 Correspondence and papers, primarily re. construction of Cruiser MARBLEHEAD for the U.S. Navy; 1891
5 Correspondence and papers, primarily re. construction of Cruiser MARBLEHEAD for the U.S. Navy; 1892
6 Correspondence, papers and documents, primarily re. construction of Cruiser MARBLEHEAD for the U.S. Navy; 1893
7 Correspondence and papers, re. construction of Cruiser MARBLEHEAD for the U.S. Navy; 1894
8 Papers re. Harrison Loring estate; 1895-1897
9 Loring family papers re. Bay Farm property; 1904
10 Loring family papers re. Bay Farm property; 1905
11 Loring family papers re. Bay Farm property; 1906
12 Loring family, general correspondence; 1909
13 Loring family, general correspondence; 1910
14 Loring family, deeds and miscellaneous documents; ca. 1842-1870, 1903
15 Loring Shipbuilding history, clippings, notes, etc.
16 unidentified material; undated
Papers and correspondence regarding Harrison Loring's Monitor CANONICUS claim against the U.S.; 1910-1910
Box Folder
2 1 Papers re. CANONICUS claims; 1901-1902
2 Papers re. CANONICUS claims; 1903
3 Papers re. CANONICUS claims; 1904
4 Papers re. CANONICUS claims; 1905
5 Papers re. CANONICUS claims; 1906
6 Papers re. CANONICUS claims; 1907-1908
7 Papers re. CANONICUS claims; 1909
8 Papers re. CANONICUS claims; 1910
Printed transcripts, testimony and petitions regarding CANONICUS claims agains the U.S.; ca. 1902-1907
Box Folder
3 1 Joint report, Capt. C. R. Roelker, U.S.N., and J. J. Woodward, U.S.N. in U.S. Court of Claims; ca. 1903
2 Additional copy of joint report by Roelker and Woodward re. CANONICUS claims; ca. 1903
3 Typescript copies of semimonthly reports on progress of work on CANONICUS (2 vols.); 1862 Oct 30-1864 Mar 3
4 Notes and information re. testimony in CANONICUS case; ca. 1902-1903
5 Petition, Harrison Loring vs. United States, re. CANONICUS claims (2 vols.); filed 1902 Jun 11
6 Printed testimony and deposition re. CANONICUS claims; ca. 1903
7 Printed deposition, report and related evidence re. CANONICUS claims (4 vols.); ca. 1904
8 Printed "Evidence for Defendants" re. CANONICUS claims; 1905
9 Petition, Congressional no. 10878, re. CANONICUS claims (2 copies); filed 1906 Dec 5
10 Defendant's evidence, Edward Bliss vs. the U.S.; ca. 1907
11 Defendant's evidence, Edward Bliss vs. the U.S.; ca. 1893
Volumes; ca. 1874-1894
Volume
1 Journal 'B'; 1874 Jan 31-1890 Jun
Volume
2 Journal; 1884 Apr 8-1886 Aug 31
Volume
3 Journal; 1886 Sep 1-1888 Aug 31
Volume
4 Journal; 1888 Sep 1-1891 Jan 22
Volume
5 Journal; 1891 Jan 27-1892 May 19
Volume
6 Ledger; 1884 Oct-1886 Nov
Volume
7 Ledger; ca. 1884-1890
Volume
8 Order book; 1884 May-1891
Volume
9 Payroll; 1890 Jul 8-1891 Dec 9
Volume
10 Time; 1891 Jan-Aug
Volume
11 Labor accounts; 1890 Nov-1892 Aug
Volume
12 Account book; ca. 1893
Volume
13 Account book; 1893-1894
Volume
14 Records (of estimates) re. Cruiser # 11; 1890 Oct-1892 Nov
Volume
15 Labor accounts; Cruiser #11; 1892 Jan-Aug
Volume
16 Press copy book of accounts for Cruiser # 11 and 3 steam tugs for U.S.N.; ca. 1893-1894
Volume
17 Journal, assignees of H. Loring; 1891 Oct 31-1894 May 8
Volume
18 Invoices, assignees of H. Loring; 1892 Jan-1893 May
Volume
19 Certificate book, $100, 00 unissued stock cerificates for Harrison Loring City Point Works, of Boston; ca. 1892
Volume
20 Letter presscopy book; ca. 1878-1880
Volume
21 Letter presscopy book; ca. 1890-1893

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