John Turner Collection (Coll. 31)

An Inventory of The Collection at the G. W. Blunt White Library, Mystic Seaport

Collection register prepared by the Manuscripts Division

Mystic Seaport Museum, Inc
Mystic, Connecticut

Overview of the Collection

Creator: Turner, John. b. ca.1775
Title: John Turner collection
Dates: 1797-1804
Abstract: The John Turner Collection contains nine letters, five of which Turner wrote to his wife, Polly, and four of which concern business matters. Included also are bills of lading, insurance policies, cargo manifests, orders, personal accounts, convoy instructions, and customs documentation including enrollments, receipts, and clearance papers.
Quantity: 40 items
Identification: Coll. 31

Biography of John Turner

John Turner was a shipmaster and shipowner from New London, Connecticut. During the period covered by these papers Turner commanded the sloop FAIR AMERICAN, and the schooners FANNY, POLLY, and SALLY. These vessels carried livestock and provisions from New London to West Indies ports such as Martinique; Guadeloupe; Montego Bay, Jamaica; Turks Island; Antigua; New Providence Island; Bermuda; and Surinam. From ports like these Turner's vessels exported molasses, port, and rum.

Because of the difficulties existing between the United States and France during the period 1793-1800, United States naval vessels provided protection for American merchant vessels in certain areas of the West Indies. Turner probably sailed under the protection of one of the naval vessels in 1800; therefore, he had the printed instructions or signals for the convoy.

Index Terms

Turner, Polly-- Correspondence
Corporate Entities:
Fair American (Sloop)
Fanny (Schooner)
Polly (Schooner)
Sally (Schooner)
New London (Conn.)-- Commerce-- West Indies
West Indies-- Commerce-- Connecticut-- New London
International trade
Molasses industry
Shipping-- Connecticut-- New London
Sugar trade
Document Types:
Ships' papers
Shipmasters-- Connecticut-- New London
Shipowners-- Connecticut-- New London

Detailed Description of the Collection

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Papers; 1797-1804
Box Folder
1 1 Papers regarding the Fair American (Sloop); 1797
2 Papers regarding the Fanny (Schooner); 1800
3 Papers regarding the Polly (Schooner); 1801
4 Papers regarding the Sally (Schooner); 1804
5 Miscellaneous Papers; 1793-1802