Shultz, Charles R., Forty-niners Round the Horn: Bibliography

Published Accounts of Individual Voyages

Barra, Ezekiel I. A Tale of Two Oceans; A New Story by an Old Californian: An Account of a Voyage From Philadelphia to San Francisco around Cape Horn, years 1849-50, Calling at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and Juan Fernandez in the South Pacific. San Francisco: Press of Eastman & Co., 1893. In his Sea Routes to the Gold Fields Oscar Lewis indicates that parts of the voyage were made in the schooners Samson and Urania. Robert W. Weinpahl, who edited four accounts of the voyage of the bark Orion, notes that Barra joined the Orion in Rio de Janeiro. Barra gave the name of the vessel as Urania and also gave fictitious names for the captain and officers. Weinpahl asserts that the volume has numerous inaccuracies.

Christman, Enos. One Man's Gold: The Letters and Journal of a Forty-Niner. ed. By Florence M. Christman. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1930. Most of the volume is his journal of the voyage, July 3, 1849-February 12, 1850, from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to San Francisco, California in the ship Europe under the command of Captain Addison Palmer. The members of the California Gold Mining Association of Philadelphia occupied the second cabin in the between decks area of the vessel. He kept the journal at the request of his finance Ellen Apple, whom he married after he returned from California. Several letters to Ellen are included in the publication. There are numerous gaps between entries, but it is unclear if they were in the original or fi the editor omitted some entries.

Coffin, George. A Pioneer Voyage to California. Chicago: Privately Printed, 1908. Coffin was a very experienced shipmaster when he agreed to take charge of the ship Alhambra in New Orleans for a voyage to San Francisco with passengers and cargo in 1849. He first prepared the vessel by having deck houses constructed and installing state rooms and other sleeping bunks and tables and other facilities between decks. Based upon information in a brief preface it appears that Coffin may have written the narrative in 1852 as he returned home after having spent a couple of years in California and another year sailing to various ports before returning to New York. In the brief preface Coffin indicated the narrative was based upon notes and memoranda made during the voyage and his recollection of events. The original narrative was passed on to his heirs, and his son Gorham B. Coffin published it in the summer of 1908. The voyage to California is described on pages 10-54. From his account, Coffin appears to have had a good deal more trouble with his passengers and his crew than did most masters of California bound vessels in 1849.

Cogswell, Moses. "The Gold Rush Diary of Moses Cogswell of New Hampshire" ed. By Elmer Munson Hunt. Historical New Hampshire (December 1949): 1-50. Cogswell was a member of the Roxbury Sagamore Mining Company, one of several companies which made the voyage, March 1-August 3, 1849, from Boston, Massachusetts to San Francisco, California in the ship Sweden under the command of Captain Jesse G. Cotting. There are numerous gaps in the published diary, but it is unclear if they are the result of editing or if they also exist in the original diary, which is in the New Hampshire Historical Society.

Cooledge, Corneilus. Off to the Gold Fields, 1849. ed. by John Barton Hassler. No place: El Dorado County Historical Society, Publication No. 1, no date. Contains excerpts from the journal, January 11-August 21, 1849, of a voyage from Boston, Massachusetts to San Francisco, California in the bark Oxford under the command of Captain Suchet Mauran. Includes lists of officers and crew and cabin and steerage passengers. Contains words to a song sung at the July 4th celebration that appear to be an original composition.

Dore, Benjamin. Journal of Benjamin Dore. Berkeley, California: no publisher, 1923. Reprinted California Historical Society Quarterly 2(1923-1924): 90-139. Contains an account of an 1849 voyage around Cape Horn to San Francisco in the bark Cantero under the command of Captain J. Saunders. The original diary is in the Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, California.

Doten, Alfred. The Journals of Alfred Doten, 1849-1903. Ed. By Walter van Tilburg Clark. Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1973. 3 vols. The first volume contains his journal of the voyage, March 18-October 5, 1849, from Plymouth, Massachusetts to San Francisco, California in the bark Yoeman under the command of Captain J. M. Clark. Passengers included members of the Pilgrim Mining Company. The vessel was fitted out and provisioned by a group of investors in Plymouth that included Doten's father. The young men who went as passengers were to share their gold with the investors until such time as the investors recouped their investment.

Dougal, William H. Off for California: The Letters, Log and Sketches of William H. Dougal, Gold Rush Artist. ed. By Frank M. Stanger. Oakland, California: Biobooks, 1949. Contains Dougal's journal, April 7-November 22, 1849, of a voyage from New York, New York to San Francisco, California in the bark Galindo under the command of Captain P. B. Macy; letters he wrote to his family during the voyage; and reproductions of several sketches by him. The Bancroft Library at the University of California, Berkeley, California has a few of the original sketches.

Draper, Seth. Voyage of the Bark Orion from Boston around Cape Horn to San Francisco, Cal., in the Year 1849, Touching at Rio de Janeiro and Juan Fernandez. Providence, Rhode Island: Printed by H. O. Houghton and Co., Cambridge, 1870.

A Gold Rush Voyage on the Bark Orion from Boston around Cape Horn to San Francisco, 1849-1850. ed. By Robert W. Weinpahl. Glendale, California: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1978. Includes selections from the unpublished diary of Foster H. Jenkins, the logbook of the Orion kept by Henry S. Bradley, and the published accounts of the voyage by Ezekiel I. Barra and Seth Draper. The Jenkins diary is in the library of the California State University, Northridge and the logbook is in the California Historical Society in San Francisco.

Goodwin, George K. Reminiscence of George K. Goodwin, 1849-1881. Philadelphia: Press of George F. Lasher, 1881. Pages 3-34 contain his journal, March 1-August 3, 1849, of the voyage from Boston, Massachusetts to San Francisco, California in the ship Sweden under the command of Captain Jesse G. Cotting. Goodwin and seven other young men organized the Traders and Mechanics Mining Company with Goodwin as president prior to leaving Boston.

Hale, Richard Hunt. The Log of a Forty-Niner: Journal of a Voyage from Newbury-Port to San Francisco in the Brig Genl. Worth Commanded by Capt. Samuel Walton. ed. by Carolyn Hale Russ. Boston: B. J. Brimmer Company, 1923. The first sixty-three pages contain the journal, November 28, 1849-May 6, 1850, of the voyage. Contains lists of passengers and officers and crew of the vessel and reproductions of a few drawings from Hale's original journal. Includes a few lengthy character sketches of some passengers.

Hall, John Linville. Around the Horn in '49: The Journal of the Hartford Union Mining and Trading Company. San Francisco: The Book Club of California, 1928. Reprint of Journal of the Hartford Union Mining and Trading Company. J. L. Hall: on board the Henry Lee, 1849). Account of the voyage, February 17-September 13, 1849, from New York, New York to San Francisco, California in the ship Henry Lee under the command of Captain David P. Vail. Hall was a printer from Hartford, Connecticut and supposedly printed the journal during the voyage or after arriving in San Francisco and while still residing in the vessel. He reprinted the volume in 1898. Includes a list of the 122 members of the Hartford Union Mining and Trading Company giving place of residence and occupation. See also George Gideon Webster below.

Haskins, C. W. Argonauts of California Being the Reminiscences of Scenes and Incidents That Occurred in California in Early Mining Days. New York: Fords, Howard & Hulbert, 1890. The first fifty pages contain an account of the voyage, April 1-September 19, 1849, from New Bedford, Massachusetts to San Francisco, California in the ship America under the command of Captain C. P. Seabury. An account of Haskins's experiences in the mining regions forms the second part of the book. The last part of the book consists of lists of passengers in many other vessels that sailed either around Cape Horn or on Isthmian routes and lists of people who went to California overland. The volume also includes a number of illustrations, only a few of which are scenes from the voyage of the America.

Journal of a Voyage from Boston to San Francisco in 1849. ed. by Carroll D. Hall. Redwood City, California: no publisher, 1933. An anonymous account of the voyage January 12-July 6, 1849 of the ship Edward Everett under the command of Captain Henry Smith.

Kendall, Joseph. A Landsman's Voyage to California. ed. by Wilbur Hall. San Francisco: Privately Published, 1935. Account of part of the voyage, March 27-October 6, 1849, of the bark Canton from New York, New York to San Francisco, California under the command of Captain Haynes. The journal published here covers only the period May 3-July 20, 1849. Also includes several letters written by Kendall. Includes a list of passengers and crew giving occupation and place of residence for most of them. The sixty members of the Island City Mining and Trading Company were among the passengers.

Kingsley, Nelson. "Diary of Nelson Kingsley," ed. by Frederick J. Teggart. Publications of the Academy of Pacific Coast History 3 (December 1914): 237-413. Contains an account of his voyage, March 12-November 22, 1849, from New Haven, Connecticut to San Francisco, California in the bark Anna Reynolds under the command of Captain John Bottom. The original journal is in the Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, California. Passengers included members of the California & New Haven Joint Stock Co. or New Haven & California Joint Stock Co. Kingsley used both names. The company removed Captain Bottom from command in Talcahuano in late September, 1849 and elected a new captain named Webb along with two new mates.

Lyman, Albert. Journal of a Voyage to California, and Life in the Gold Diggings. And Also of a Voyage from California to the Sandwich Islands. Hartford, Connecticut: E. T. Pease; New York: Dexter & Bro.; Boston: Redding & Co., 1852. Pages 9-98 contain an account of a voyage, February 22-August 6, 1849, from New York, New York to San Francisco, California in the schooner General Morgan under the command of Captain Charles A. Falkenberg. Includes a list of members of the Connecticut Mining and Trading Company who were passengers in the vessel. Includes a few of the many pencil drawings Lyman did in his original journal.

Matteson, Thomas Jefferson. The Diary of Thomas Jefferson Matteson. San Andreas, California: Calaveras County Historical Society, 1954. Contains his journal, January 29-September 16, 1849, of the voyage from New York, New York to San Francisco, California in the ship George Washington under the Command of Captain John Holdredge.

Stillman, Jacob D. B. Seeking the Golden Fleece: A Record of Pioneer Life in California; to Which is Annexed Footprints of Early Navigators, Other Than Spanish, in California; with an Account of the Voyage of the Schooner Dolphin. San Francisco: A. Roman & Co., 1877. Pages 11-34 contain an introduction to the times. Pages 35-117 contain an account of his voyage from New York, New York to San Francisco, California in the ship Pacific under the command of Captain's Hall J. Tibbits (from New York to Rio de Janeiro) and George Easterbrook (from Rio de Janeiro to San Francisco). This account is based upon his original journal and letters sent home to members of his family. One letter to his brother is in the California Historical Society in San Francisco.

Underhill, George R. Voyage to California and Return, 1849-1852. No Place: Underhill Society of America, [1980?]. Journal, March 8-September 17, 1849, of a voyage from New York, New York to San Francisco, California in the bark Palmetto under the command of Captain Crocker. Passengers included members of the Greenwich and California Mining and Trading Company.

Upham, Samuel Curtis. Notes of a Voyage to California via Cape Horn, together with Scenes in El Dorado, in the Years 1849-'50. Philadelphia: Published by the Author, 1878. Reprinted, New York: Arno Press, 1973. The first 210 pages contain an account of the voyage, January 15-August 5, 1849, from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to San Francisco, California in the brig Osceola under the command of Captain James Fairfowl.

Whaley, Thomas. Consignments to El Dorado: A Record of the Voyage of the Sutton. ed. By June Allen Reading. New York: Exposition Press, 1972. Pages 67-234 contain Whaley's letters and journal, January 1-July 22, 1849, of his voyage from New York, New York to San Francisco, California in the ship Sutton under the command of Captain James H. Wardle. Includes lists of first and second class passengers giving age, place of residence, and occupation of each.

Webster, George Gideon. The Journal of a Trip Around the Horn, as Written and Printed on the Ship Henry Lee. Ashland, Oregon: Lewis Osborne, 1970. This volume is virtually identical to Linville J. Hall, Around the Horn in '49: The Journal of the Hartford Union Mining and Trading Company. This 1970 volume includes an introduction to Hall's 1898 edition and some illustrations from the 1898 edition that do not appear in Hall's 1928 edition. This 1970 volume omits a few details included in both the 1898 and 1928 ones, most notably the several toasts offered at the July 4th celebration. The only evidence that Webster had anything to do with any of the editions is the statement on the 1970 edition title page "as written and printed by Webster and Hall." Noted California Gold Rush researcher and author John B. Goodman, III asserts that Webster was actually the author and Hall only the printer.