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19th Century American Merchant Marine Digital Library

19th Century Merchant Marine

- - - Slavery- - -

Andrew T. Judson Collection; Judson, Andrew T., 1825-1861
Andrew T. Judson (1784-1853) lived in Canterbury, Connecticut, and served the state of Connecticut as a public official holding the offices of States Attorney for Windham County, Representative to the Connecticut House and U.S. District Court judge. From 1839 to 1840 Judson presided over the case of the schooner AMISTAD, out of Havana, Cuba, which sailed from Africa carrying slaves, who several days out of port, rose and murdered the captain and crew, hoping to use the vessel to return to Africa, ending up adrift at sea; responsible for freeing the African captives. AMISTAD documents include: rough notes of testimony from the two Cuban slaveowners taken aboard the brig WASHINGTON (U.S. revenue cutter responsible for the capture of the AMISTAD) at New London, Conn. (1839 Aug. 29); transcript of first day testimony (10 items, 1839) at District Court, Hartford, Conn.; copy of Judson's decision regarding the location of the AMISTAD when it was seized (6 items, 1840 Jan. 13); rough copy of his decision regarding the status of the Africans aboard (4 items, 1840 Jan. 13); and rough notes concerning issue of the specific location of AMISTAD's capture with possible references to legal precedents used by attorneys involved in the trial.

Journal; Marion (Ship), 1858
Journal, Jan. 1858-Sept. 1860, kept by Henry Eason, a seaman aboard U.S. Sloop of War MARION (U.S. naval vessel with 16 guns), Captain Brent, during an anti-slaving naval cruise off the African coast. ‚b MARION patroled near the Congo River, and the volume contains descriptions of searching and seizing vessels, activity aboard ship, and places visited. Many American and British naval vessels are mentioned. A good account of naval life at sea and the African slave trade. Mentions death at sea, burial at sea, discipline, native contacts, food at sea. Contains accounts of crew wages, illustrations, prose and verse.